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Trail of Tears primary sources pdf

Indian Removal Trail of Tears Primary Sources Source A: Indian Removal Act U.S. Congress, May 28, 1830 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That it shall and ma Indian Removal and Trail of Tears Primary Document Packet The following documents are in this packet: Andrew Jackson's First Annual Message to Congress: December 8, 1829 Andrew Jackson's Second Annual Message to Congress: December 6, 1830 The Indian Removal Act of 1830, U.S. Act of Congress: May 28,1830 Memorial of the Cherokee Nation: December 182

Created Date: 4/16/2010 1:40:37 P Primary Sources: Andrew Jackson's Letter to the Cherokee The Indian Removal Act resulted in the forced move westward of several Native American tribes in what the Cherokee called the Trail of Tears. Photo: Nikater, Wikimedia Commons Editor's Note: In the early 19th century, white settlers wanted to claim the Native American primary sources authored by Cherokee opposed to relocation. Materials for students The materials listed below can either be used directly on the computer, projected on the wall, or printed out, photocopied, and distributed to students. 1. One map depicting the Cherokee Removal Routes that were their Trail of Tears. 2 Primary sources: a soldiers account of the Cherokee Trail of Tears Quiz answers. Primary Sources: A Soldier's Account of the Cherokee Trail of Tears. Roughly 7,000 U.S. soldiers were sent to move them, beginning what came to be called the Trail of Tears. On their march west, 6,000 Cherokee people died

This primary source set uses documents, images, and music to reveal the story of Cherokee removal, which is part of a larger story known as the Trail of Tears. Thousands of Native Americans—Chickasaw, Creek Choctaw, Seminole, and Cherokee—suffered through this forced relocation A. Examine historical information from a variety of sources, including museum and library collections, letters, maps, government documents, oral histories, firsthand accounts, and web sites. B. Analyze documentation to determine the reasoning, policies and outcomes of the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears

For two frequently cited accounts of the Treaty of 1835 and the Trail of Tears based on primary sources, see James Mooney, Myths of the Cherokee, which first appeared in Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Nineteenth Annual Report, Part 1 (Washington, D.C.. 1900) and is available in numerous reprint editions includin Consider using search terms like Cherokee removal, Trail of Tears, Native American, etc. as you explore the library's subscription databases and the selected outside websites with quality digitized primary source collections.If you can identify any key figures from the time period, you can use their names as keywords as well. Keep in mind that many databases and websites will also have a date.

Primary Sources Home; Embed from Getty Images. Online Sources: Trail of Tears Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (30 U.S. 1) [1831] This link opens in a new window Book Sources: Trail of Tears A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. Click the title for location and availability information.. information from maps and primary sources as they examine what happened along the route now known as the Trail of Tears. Source Information: Map 1. Trail of Tears, 1838-39 - General map of national Trail of Tears routes and Major Rivers for question 2. Map 2 The left hand column will include your sources. The right hand column will be the background notes that you want to include in your article. This will be worth 10 points. 4. You will need to do the trail of tears reading in the textbook pages 371-373. 5. When doing your research, ask yourself the following questions The Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Trail of Tears are two of the darkest moments in our nation's history. As the United States grew in population and size so too did the vision of what all the nation should be and what lands it should encompass. Unfortunately for American Indians like the Cherokee, they were not a part of this national.

Item 9 of 14 in the Primary Source Set Cherokee Removal and the Trail of Tears Previous Item Next Item An 1884 map of the land surrendered by the Cherokee Nation to colonial governments and the United States government from 1721 to 1835 The high school lesson focuses on The Trail of Tears, and the middle school lesson looks at African-American homesteaders in the 1870s, so they both covered a part of America's synthesize primary and secondary sources. The unit introduces primary and secondary sources, multiple perspectives, and a format (Power Point) for presenting.

Approximately 4,000 Cherokees died on this forced march, which became known as the Trail of Tears. Indian Removal Act A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875 Records Pertaining to Cherokee Removal, 1836-1839. The New Echota Treaty of May 1836 fixed the time after which Cherokee Indians who refused to leave their land in Alabama and Georgia voluntarily would be removed by force. In 1838 the War Department issued orders for General Winfield Scott to removed the remaining 2,000 Cherokees to the Indian. motion picture | Made-for-TV movie. Feature film (over 60 minutes). Inc: George Doering, guitar. (Soundtrack Personnel). Motion Picture (Form) View Trail of Tears- Primary Source Activity- Ally Thomas.pdf from ANTH 421 at University of New Mexico. 1. - John G. Burnett's story is a primary source because he is telling his story. Thi awful. The trail of the exiles was a trail of death. They had to sleep in the wagons and on the ground without fire. And I have known as many as twenty-two of them to die in one night of pneumonia due to ill treatment, cold, and exposure. Among this number was the beautiful Christian wife of Chief John Ross

Cherokee Removal and the Trail of Tears DPL

The Cherokee Trail of Tears: A Sesquicentennial Perspectiv

  1. The Trail of Tears - PRIMARY SOURCES: File Size: 9414 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. UNIT 2 - THE GILDED AGE. The Transportation Revolution - PRIMARY SOURCES: File Size: 329 kb: pdf: Download File. New Deal Alphabet Soup - PRIMARY SOURCES (Part 2) File Size: 10110 kb: File Type: pdf
  2. A primary source is a document that shows direct, immediate or firsthand knowledge of a subject or event. It is a document written at the time or on the scene where an event occurred. These include: Trail of Tears Lesson plan which includes primary sources
  3. General winfield scott's ultimatum. Below is a copy of General Winfield Scott's speech. The main-point of General Scott's speech was to tell the Cherokee Indians that the American Government has provided sufficient time for the Cherokee's to move to the West and since the Indians had not moved force was now going to be imposed
  4. Primary Sources: A Soldier's Account of the Cherokee Trail of Tears A painting of the Trail of Tears showing Cherokee Native Americans walking west after they were forced by the U.S. government to leave their homes. Al Moldvay/The Denver Post via Getty Images Editor's Note: In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. The law allowe
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Cherokee Removal: Primary Sources - HIS 200 - Applied

Analyzing Primary Sources As you and your group read the source(s) of information about the Trail of Tears you were assigned prepare yourself to explain to others not only what the author says about the Cherokee experience, but also how reliable you find the account. These questions will help you judge the quality of th Educating with Evidence (2017). Trail of Tears in Southern Illinois: Corroborating GIS Maps and Primary Sources. Southern Illinois University: Carbondale, IL Map 4. Water Sources and Distance Travele

Trail of Tears - Primary Sources: Native Americans

  1. The journey became known as the Trail of Tears or the Trail where They Cried. Fifty years later, in 1890, Private John Burnett, who served in the mounted infantry, told his children his memories of the Trail of Tears, which he described as the execution of the most brutal order in the History of American Warfare
  2. University of Georgia Libraries collection, Trail of Tears. Primary Historical Documents Perdue, Theda and Michael Green, The Cherokee Removal: A Brief History with Documents (New York: Bedford, 2005). Rozema, Vicki. Voices from The Trail of Tears (Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair Publishing, 2003). Vogel, Virgil
  3. ole, Creek, and Choctaw, among other tribes. These Native Indians were upooted fom their homes, put into detainment camps, and then forced to march nealy one thousand miles from their homelands west of the.
  4. Cherokee Trail of Tears Lessons, Activities, Materials and Videos. I have spent the last two weeks researching, reviewing and gathering these important lessons and activities about the Cherokee Trail of Tears removal which occurred in the late 1830's, from their original homelands east of the Mississippi to Oklahoma. I have also gathered and put together 70 supporting documents, images and.
  5. 1 Tales and Trails of Betrayal: America's Indian Removal Policies ^The Americans have hard shoes, and if we permit them to establish that post, they will tread upon our toes. _ ~ Wolfs Friend, Chickasaw ^I fought through the civil war and have seen men shot to pieces and slaughtered by thousands, but the Cherokee removal was the cruelest work I ever knew. _ ~John Burnett, US Arm
  6. The Trail of Tears play, at the amphitheatre, and Remembering Genocide within Our Holders 221 Under the Cherokee Moon, in the town/village, recreates the historical events relating to the Trail of Tears, including the eviction of the Cherokees from their homes and the suffering that occurred along the Trail
  7. Read these primary sources related to the Cherokee Trail of Tears. Opposing Removal Letter from Cherokee Chief John Ross to Congress (Links to an external site.) , 1836 Memorial and Protest of the Cherokee Nation (Links to an external site.) June 21, 1836 Memorial of the Ladies of Steubenville, Ohio (Links to an external site.) , 1830 Supporting Removal Letter to Cherokee Nation from President.

Trail of Tears - Primary Resources - Teachers (U

Item 9 of 14 in the Primary Source Set Cherokee Removal

  1. Students will read primary sources about the Indian Removal Act and Worcester v. Georgia, and answer critical thinking questions about the issue before viewing the documentary on Andrew Jackson and the Trail of Tears. Students will use viewing guides an
  2. • understanding primary sources in researching history. 5. Common Core State Standards for Grade 4 The Oregon Trail was a major migration across North America in the mid-1800s. It was a 2, 000 mile journey that became a passage to the Land of Plenty for many of the emigrants who traveled it
  3. The Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears Summary This lesson provides small groups with the opportunity to explore the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Cherokee Trail of Tears. It allows for group work as well as independent study. It will target the sentiments of the students and introduce tolerance. Time Frame 1 class periods of 90.

Introduction - Indian Removal Act: Primary Documents in

The Trail of Tears across Missouri is a moving account of the 1837-1838 removal of the Cherokees from the southeastern United States to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). After providing an overview of the Cherokees' life in the Southeast and of the events leading up to their exile, Joan Gilbert traces the mass exodus state by state from. This was part of the Trail of Tears movement, the relocation of Native Americans including Cherokee, Creek, Seminole & Choctaw nations from their homelands to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). Estimates are that 4000 of the 15,000 relocated Cherokees died on route. Yet another page has: Cherokees In North Carolina which takes over one-third. Teaching with Primary Sources Illinois State University Historical Background Back to ˆavigation Bar In 1830, the Congress of the United States passes the Indian Removal Act. This Congressional Act led to the historic Trail of Tears forever changing the lives of thousands of Native Americans These are the sources and citations used to research The Trail of Tears. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Friday, January 30, 201 Lesson Title - Trail of Tears Grade - 5 Length of class period - 60 minutes Inquiry -What would it have been like to be on the Trail of Tears. Objectives • Students will read the book Soft Rain and relate the main character's experience on the Trail of Tears to their own experiences as a child. The

Records Pertaining to Cherokee Removal, 1836-1839

TRAIL OF TEARS (1995) Library of Congres

  1. Trail of Tears - Discussion Questions. Posted on the PBS site. Why did John Ross identify himself as Cherokee? How did the concept of land ownership differ on Cherokee land from white settlers' lands? Why do you think Major Ridge sent optimistic reports to U.S. government agents? What were his motives
  2. This letter tells the story of the Trail of Tears, as recalled by John G. Burnett, a soldier in the U.S. Army. Burnett had been friends with a number of the Cherokee but, as a soldier, had to help forcibly relocate them to Oklahoma in 1837-1838. The letter is written to his children on his eightieth birthday
  3. g to represent their 16,000-member tribe, met at New Echota, Georgia, and signed a treaty. The agreement led to the forced removal of Cherokees from.

The Trail of Tears refers specifically to Cherokee removal in the first half of the 19th century, when about 16,000 Cherokees were forcibly relocated from their ancestral lands in the Southeast to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi. It is estimated that of the approximately 16,000 Cherokee who were removed between. The problem is that the so-called Trail of Blood is taken very seriously by some Baptists, even some of those of the Reformed stripe. I ran across a copy of the Trail in a Lifeway Christian bookstore of all places a couple of years ago. And there is a whole chapter in McGoldrick's book dealing with the false claim that St. Patrick was a Baptist Journal provides record of life on 'Trail of Tears'. SUBSCRIBE NOW $1*/mo. for 6 months! Some of the most vivid descriptions of the Cherokee removal and Trail of Tears are provided in the journal. And the sooner you do this, the sooner you will commence your career of improvement and prosperity.. I could not but think that some fearful retribution would come upon us. The scene seemed to me like a distempered dream, or something worthy of the dark ages rather than a present reality.. Half the infants, six months or a year, and.

Today, the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail is run by the National Park Service and portions of it are accessible on foot, by horse, by bicycle or by car. Sources Trail of Tears In social studies class, they will have already read and learned about Andrew Jackson as he his portrayed in history books. Have them list Jackson's presidential accomplishments. (Side note: our district's textbook portrays Jackson in a more heroic light, barely mentioning The Trail of Tears Articles of a treaty, concluded at New Echota in the State of Georqia on the 2.9th day of Deer. 1835 by General William Carroll and Joh

Our Hearts are Sickened: Letter from Chief John Ross of the Cherokee, Georgia, 1836. By President Andrew Jackson's election in 1828, the only large concentrations of Indian tribes remaining on the east coast were located in the South On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. Explore content created by others

Beliefs: Legend of the Flood: Photo: History: Indian Removal Act: Trail of Tears: 5 Civilized Tribes: Maps: google images Primary Resource: Daily Life: Housing. Hundreds of primary sources and quotes. Curtis, Edward. Portraits from North American Indian Life. Outerbridge and Lazard Inc, 1972. Print Over one hundred primary sources and quotes. Curtis, Edward and Shannon, Egan. Yet in Primitive Condition. Smithsonian American Art Museum. The University of Chicago Press, September 9th, 2012

Trail of Tears Primary Documents PAM E 93 v.1 no.3. Cherokee Nation. Memorial--Indians--Cherokee Delegation : Memorial of the Delegation of the Cherokee Nation. [Washington]: Blair & Rives, 1840. USouth E 99 .C5 B84 1938. Brown, John P. Old Frontiers : The Story of the Cherokee Indians From Earliest Times to the Date of Their Removal to the. The Trail of Tears is often thought of as one specific trail or road on which thousands of Cherokees walked to their new home in what is now Oklahoma, but the reality is much more complex. Approximately 16,000 Cherokee people, with a handful of Creek Indians and black slaves, traveled in 17 different detachments. 5.H2.1 Use primary and secondary sources to summarize the causes and effects of conflicts, resolutions, and social movements throughout as The Trail of Tears or, as a direct translation from Cherokee, The Trail Where They Cried ps/US-w-names-COLOR.pdf and show wher

Trail of Tears- Primary Source Activity- Ally Thomas - 1

8 The Trail of Tears Teacher's Guide ©2011 Interact. www.teachinteract.com Daily Directions Activity Day 2 Daily Directions Day 2 Materials • Copies of Mystery Solved: Press Release Direction Notes 1. Ask the class if anyone would like to share their theory of what happened and why, or what the motive behind the actions were. 2 The Trail Of Tears Exercise A. Analyzing Sources Directions: Answer the following questions that follow each document. DBQ 1: Andrew Jackson's Second Annual Message On December 6, 1830, President Andrew Jackson delivered his annual message to the United States Congress. In his message, Jackson informs Congress of the progress made concernin Document D: Trail of Tears Painting 1. List 2 images within this picture that show that the Trail of Tears might have been a voluntary removal of Cherokees from their native lands. (Meaning that the Cherokee volunteered to move.) 2. List 2 images from this picture show that this removal was forced by the U.S governmen Primary Source Documents Unit 1: Review Beginnings (1400-1877) WESTWARD EXPANSION: Trails of Tears Documents. trail_of_tears_documents.pdf: File Size: 7196 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. EXPLORATION AND COLONIZATION: Passenger Lists Primary Source Activity. passenger_lists_primary_sources.pdf

Brainpop Scientific Method Worksheet Answer Key - worksheet

Trail_of_Tears_-_Primary_Source - Trail of Tears Primary

Emigrating Cherokees.—The steam-boat T. Yeatman, from Florence, (Ala.) passed up on Sunday last, with a party of 400 Cherokees, emigrating from the Old Nation east of the Mississippi. We are told that the party is under the direction of Maj. CURRY, of Nashville. Arkansas Advocate, May 2, 1832. Removal of Indians Nunna daul Tsuny (Trail Where We Cried); it has become known in English as the Trail of Tears. The Cherokee suffered from adverse weather, mistreat-ment by soldiers, inadequate food, disease, bereavement, and the loss of their homes, all of which contributed to large population losses; just how large is the topic of this article. Cherokee Remova Trail of tears - Story and Facts about the forced and unjust movement of Native Americans from their ancestral homes in Southeastern United States. In the 1830s, almost 125, 000 people of Indian descent occupied millions of acres around Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Florida. They were known as the Cherokees The Trail of Tears can be described as the Cherokees' march that was forced and directed by the United States Army during the removal of American Indian tribes. In essence, the Trail of Tears is the forceful Bibliography Conley, Robert J. Mountain Windsong: A Novel of the Trail of Tears. Oklahoma City, OK: Kidwell, Clara Sue Printable Version. Two Accounts of the Trail of Tears: Wahnenauhi and Private John G. Burnett Digital History ID 1147. Date:1889. Annotation: One of these retrospective accounts of the Trail of Tears comes from a Cherokee, the other from a soldier. Wahnenauhi, whose English name was Lucy Lowery Hoyt Keys, sent her account to the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, a federal agency that conducted.

Chapter Trail of Tears Board Member, Ofces in Kansas City: are from the left to right: Dr. was the catalyst who brought together Dr. Belko and Troy Wayne Poteete, Ex. Dir. of the Trail of Tears Association for a meeting in KC, MO with State Representative Rocky Miller, and Missouri Chapter President. The story of the Trail of Tears is pretty simple. In the 1830s, the Cherokee people were forced from their land by the U.S. government and forced to walk 1,000 miles. Thousands of people died on the Trail of Tears, and the Trail of Tears was one of the worst human rights abuses in American history Many are acquainted with the Trail of Tears, the forced migration of 15,000 Cherokees from the Smoky Mountains to Oklahoma in 1838. But another deadly exodus of Native Americans began in Indiana.

Primary Sources History Detectives PB

  1. Primary Sources: Newspapers, Pamphlets, and Periodicals Search this Guide Search. the collection includes digital reproductions of every page from every issue--cover to cover--in downloadable PDF(r) files. Family Stories from the Trail of Tears
  2. TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES. American Indians and Westward Expansion. What factors, forces or reasons cause people to move from one geographic area to another? The first people to live in what we now call Iowa may have arrived some 8,000-10,000 years ago. They lived along the edges of the receding glaciers and hunted large game animals
  3. As an historical event the Trail of Tears, the story of the Cherokee removal from the southeastern U.S. to Oklahoma, is no exception. In the activity below your job as a student of the history of this event is to reflect on who is telling the story and how their telling may be colored by their own experiences, beliefs, and sources
  4. All I ask in this creation Is a pretty little wife and a big plantation Way up yonder in the Cherokee nation This refrain from a song that was very popular in Georgia in the 1800s may encapsulate the justification for the passing of the Indian Removal Act in 1830 and its subsequent enforcement, leading to such horrific events as the Cherokee Trail of Tears, one of the most brutal stories in.
  5. Primary Source: The Dawes Act of 1887 The Dawes Act February 8, 1887 This is an excerpt from the act that provided for the allotment of lands to Indians on the various reservations, and extended the protection of the laws of the United States and the Territories over the Indians

The Trail Of Tears Worksheets & Teaching Resources Tp

Contents Cherokee Smokies. (n.d.). Cherokee History & Culture. Retrieved from http://www.cherokeesmokies.com/history_culture.html History Education. (1996). Trail of. Andrew Jackson Primary Sources. Andrew Jackson Primary Sources.N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2013.This website is a primary source that contains a speech given by Andrew Jackson The Trail of Tears refers to forced relocation of Native Americans from their homeland that they have lived on for centuries. They were forced to leave their ancestral land. The journey of those Native Americans (following the implementation of the Indian Removal Act) spanning over thousands of miles is known as the Trail of Tears Ultimately, neither man could prevent the Trail of Tears, depicted in this 1942 painting. Of the 16,000 Cherokees who set out for what is now Oklahoma, 4,000 died. (Granger Collection, New York

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Trail Of Tears Activities & Worksheets Teachers Pay Teacher

(December 1838 - January 1839) 15th death since we crossed the Tennessee River. We travelled about 6 miles and camped 2 miles from Ohio River The Cherokees and the Trail of Tears esearch papers discuss how Americans were unfair, unjust, and downright savage when they pursued the Trail of Tears, which resulted in the deaths and mistreatment of thousands of Indians.. The Indian Removal Act research papers discuss the act signed by Andrew Jackson that forcibly removed the Five Civilized Tribes from their land west of the Mississippi The Trail of Tears caused much loss of life estimated from 2000 to 6000. They left their way of life behind which they lost their land and their raison d'etre. To me this represents of part of American history which was equal in shame to our heritage of slavery. Read more. 29 people found this helpful This page contains resources on perspectives on the Trail of Tears that are designed to help students with the completion of Internal Standard 3.4. Č. Ċ. Indian Removal & Trail of Tears Primary Source.pdf (50k) Brooke Staley, Aug 2, 2014, 8:56 PM. v.1. ď. Ċ. Indian-Removal-Documents.pdf (162k) Brooke Staley, Aug 7, 2014, 4:33 PM. Once the coffle arrived in New Orleans, buyers would come from everywhere to make their purchases. They broke up families, sold about 25,000 people and made the most money. While we often teach in our classrooms, about the native American Trail of Tears, this forced march identified by the Smithsonian as Slavery's Trail of Tears was a.

Primary Sources - US HISTOR

Teacher's Guide: American Indian History and Heritage. This Teacher's Guide from the National Endowment for the Humanities will introduce you to the cultures and explore the histories of some groups within the over 5 million people who identify as American Indian in the United States, with resources designed for integration across humanities curricula and classrooms throughout the school year The Trail of Tears. Approximate map of the Cherokees' Trail of Tears, 1838-1839. The first order of business was to evict the Cherokee from their homes, and to concentrate them into centralized internment camps. About 16,000 Cherokee were rounded up and marched a short distance into Tennessee, where they waited for the longer march into Oklahoma

Primary Sources: Databases & Websites - HSS 300 - Indian

A resource guide to primary sources and educational materials directed to the 2019-2020 social studies standards for Kindergarten. A primary source set exploring the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears. Underground Railroad A primary source set exploring the Underground Railroad Context. The Highway of Tears refers to a section of Yellowhead Highway 16, from Prince Rupert on the northwest coast of British Columbia to the central interior city of Prince George, British Columbia.Twenty-three First Nations border Highway 16. The region is characterized by poverty and, until 2017, lacked adequate public transportation, which forced many locals to resort to hitchhiking as. The Trail of Tears was a forced movement of Native Americans in the United States between 1836 and 1839. The United States government forced Native Americans to leave their lands and move outside the United States.The U.S. then took over the Native Americans' lands and made the United States bigger. Because thousands of Native Americans died during this forced move, it is called the Trail of.

The Trail of Tears in History. The Trail of Tears started in 1838 and ended around March in 1839. Over 100,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee. This land had been passed down for generations but by the end of the 1830's, very few Native Americans remained Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Work. Original Source of Article (e.g., Magazine or Newspaper) date of original source (day abbreviated Month year) : page numbers. Product Name. Examples: Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson Versus the Cherokee. American History. Aug. 2001: 48-57. EBSCOhost. Anderson, Peggy King. The Long. The Impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee. The removal of the Cherokee from their native lands has had a lasting impact on the tribe. Those who survived left behind a life and culture that they had practiced for hundreds of years. The tribe later had no choice but to adopt new ways of living if they hoped to remain alive in a harsh, new. Main Library E77 .C743 2009 : A selection of short primary-source accounts from the 16th century to the present and from a variety of sources, including newspaper reports, Congressional documents, government documents, and Indian tribal sources, highlighting conflicts and controversies and presenting the opposing views of Native and non-Native. In Voices from the Trail of Tears, editor Vicki Rozema re-creates this tragic period in American history by letting eyewitnesses speak for themselves. Using newspaper articles and editorials, journal excerpts, correspondence, and official documents, she presents a comprehensive overview of the Trail of Tears―the events leading to the Indian. Trail Of Tears short documentary was produced for a middle school presentation by Ron Maxwell and co-produced by 12 year old Rebekah Aledo-Cubano. (2012